Our speaker this week is Karl Escbach discussing the proposed census citizenship questions.  Karl is a sociologist and demographer. He received a Ph.D. in sociology from Harvard University, and completed a post-doctoral fellowship in demography at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Before moving to the Big Island in 2016, he was a professor at the Sealy Center on Aging at the University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston, Texas.  He taught population epidemiology, research methods, and health promotion. He remains a research collaborator and adjunct professor at the Medical Branch as a telecommuter.  From 2007 to 2010, Karl served as the State Demographer of Texas. He was the liaison of the State of Texas to the US Bureau of the Census, and the Director of the Texas State Data Center. In this position, he produced the official population estimates and projections for Texas cities and counties, and advised the Texas legislature about the impact of population growth on demand for state services.